If you are preparing for a Devops engineer interview, you may be wondering what questions you can expect to be asked. DevOps is a rapidly growing field that emphasizes collaboration and automation between development and operations teams to deliver software quickly and reliably. As such, DevOps interviews typically cover a wide range of topics, from software development and deployment to IT infrastructure management and automation. In this article, we’ll explore some of the most commonly asked Azure Devops Interview Questions or DevOps interview questions and provide answers to help you prepare for your upcoming interview. You can also visit our YouTube Channel EasyWay2Learn to see training and real time Project videos.
Dev Ops Interview Questions For Freshers
1. Explain What is DevOps?
The key principles of DevOps include:
Collaboration: DevOps promotes a culture of collaboration and communication between development and operations teams, which helps to reduce silos and improve efficiency.
Automation: DevOps relies heavily on automation to streamline processes, reduce errors, and speed up the development lifecycle.
Continuous integration and delivery: DevOps encourages continuous integration and delivery, which means that code changes are integrated and tested frequently, and new releases are delivered to production quickly and reliably.
Monitoring and feedback: DevOps emphasizes the importance of monitoring and feedback, which helps to identify and address issues quickly, and continuously improve the software development process.
Overall, DevOps is a methodology that helps organizations to deliver high-quality software faster and more reliably.
2. What is Azure DevOps?
Azure DevOps is a cloud-based platform provided by Microsoft that offers a set of development tools and services to enable end-to-end collaboration and automation for software development and delivery processes. It combines source control, continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD), project management, and test management capabilities into a single integrated solution.
3. What are the different types DevOps Tools available.
4. What is Azure Pipelines?
Azure Pipelines is a powerful component of Azure DevOps that facilitates the automation of build, test, and deployment processes. It provides a robust and flexible platform for continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD) pipelines, allowing teams to streamline their software delivery workflows.
5. Explain Why DevOps has become very much popular nowdays?
Dev Ops has become very popular in recent years because it offers several benefits to organizations, such as:
6. Explain, what is configuration management?
Configuration management typically involves the following activities:
Configuration Identification: Identifying and documenting all the components that make up an organization’s IT infrastructure. It includes hardware, software, and network resources.
Configuration Control: Managing changes to the IT infrastructure in a controlled and structured way. Using tools and processes that help to ensure that changes are documented, tested, and approved before being implemented.
Configuration Status Accounting: Keeping track of the current state of the IT infrastructure. It includes the status of all components and any changes that have been made.
Configuration Auditing: Regularly reviewing the IT infrastructure to ensure that it remains compliant with organizational policies and standards, as well as any regulatory requirements.
Configuration Reporting: Providing regular reports and metrics on the status of the IT infrastructure. It includes any changes that have been made and any issues that have been identified.
Configuration management is an important practice for ensuring the reliability, availability, and security of an organization’s IT infrastructure. It also facilitating the efficient deployment of new applications and services. It is often used in conjunction with other DevOps practices. Such as continuous integration and delivery, to help streamline the software development lifecycle and improve overall efficiency.
7. What is the importance of having configuration management in DevOps?
8. What is CAMS stand for in DevOps?
Here is a brief overview of what each of the letters in CAMS represents:
Culture: DevOps emphasizes the importance of creating a culture that encourages collaboration, communication, and shared responsibility between teams. This involves breaking down silos and fostering a culture of continuous improvement and learning.
Automation: Automation is a key component of DevOps, as it helps to streamline processes, reduce errors, and improve efficiency. DevOps teams use automation tools and techniques to automate tasks such as testing, deployment, and monitoring.
Measurement: Measurement is critical in DevOps, as it provides visibility into the performance of the software delivery pipeline and helps to identify areas for improvement. DevOps teams use metrics to track key performance indicators (KPIs) such as deployment frequency, lead time, and mean time to recovery (MTTR).
Sharing: DevOps emphasizes the importance of sharing knowledge and best practices across teams, organizations, and communities. This involves creating a culture of collaboration and transparency, as well as sharing tools, techniques, and experiences to help drive continuous improvement.
Overall, CAMS is a useful framework for understanding the key areas of focus that are required to implement a successful DevOps practice. By emphasizing culture, automation, measurement, and sharing, organizations can build a strong foundation. For continuous delivery and continuous improvement of their software delivery processes.
9. What is Continuous Integration (CI)?
10. Why is Continuous Integration required?
11. What is Continuous Testing (CT)?
12.What are the three major DevOps KPIs?
Advanced Interview Questions
13. Explain the different phases in DevOps methodology.
14. Explain, how is DevOps different than the Agile Methodology?
15. Explain, Different between Continuous Deployment and Continuous Delivery?
16. What is antipatterns of DevOps?
17. Explain various branching strategies used in version control system?
18. Explain, what is CBD in DevOps?
In DevOps, CBD stands for Component-Based Development. It is a software development approach that emphasizes the design and construction of software applications using reusable software components.
With CBD, developers can create software applications by assembling pre-built software components rather than writing code from scratch. These software components are typically designed to be modular, loosely coupled, and independently deployable. Which makes them easy to reuse across different applications.
CBD is an important part of DevOps because it can help teams achieve greater agility and efficiency in software development. By leveraging pre-built components, developers can reduce the time and effort required to create new applications. While also improving the overall quality and reliability of the software they produce. Additionally, CBD can help teams more easily manage the complexity of large-scale software projects, by breaking them down into smaller, more manageable components.
19. What is Resilience Testing?
20. Explain the difference between continuous testing and automation testing?
21. Explain about the DevOps pipeline?
22. Explain about Ansible work in DevOps.
23. Types of AWS DevOps Certifications available?
Microsoft offers a range of certifications for professionals looking to validate their skills and expertise in Azure DevOps. These certifications are designed to demonstrate proficiency in various aspects of Azure DevOps, including development, deployment, and management. Here are some of the popular Azure DevOps certifications:
Microsoft Certified: Azure DevOps Engineer Expert
The Azure DevOps Engineer Expert certification is intended for individuals who have advanced knowledge and experience in implementing DevOps practices using Microsoft Azure technologies. This certification validates skills related to designing and implementing strategies for source control, continuous integration and delivery, security, compliance, and monitoring in Azure DevOps.
Microsoft Certified: Azure Administrator Associate
While not specifically focused on Azure DevOps, the Azure Administrator Associate certification is relevant for professionals working with Azure DevOps. This certification validates skills in managing Azure resources, implementing and managing virtual networks, securing identities, and monitoring and optimizing Azure environments. Azure DevOps often relies on the underlying Azure infrastructure, so this certification can provide a solid foundation for DevOps practitioners.
Microsoft Certified: Azure DevOps Engineer Associate
The Azure DevOps Engineer Associate certification is designed for individuals who possess a good understanding of DevOps practices and are capable of implementing and managing Azure DevOps solutions. This certification validates skills in areas such as designing and implementing version control, CI/CD pipelines, infrastructure as code, and configuration management using Azure DevOps.
Microsoft Certified: Azure Fundamentals
While not specifically focused on Azure DevOps, the Azure Fundamentals certification provides a broad understanding of Azure cloud concepts, services, and solutions. It covers foundational knowledge required to work with Azure, including an overview of Azure DevOps and its role in the software development lifecycle.
These certifications demonstrate your proficiency in Azure DevOps and can enhance your credibility and career prospects in the field. It is recommended to review the official Microsoft certification website for the latest information on available certifications, their requirements, and any prerequisites that may apply.
Hope this will help you crack your next azure devops interview. You can also visit our other Blog Post based on other trending Technologies.